If we look at the map of the US military deployment in the Central Command area, and compare this map with its counterpart in mid-August, we will clearly see the huge decline in the number of US ships and fleets in the region.
Facing the Iranian threat
Al-Arabiya and Al-Hadath sources indicated that these forces will return to their bases, as the Americans are very interested in the survival of an American aircraft carrier in the Pacific region, and the “Chinese threat” has become a concern for the Americans, in addition to Russia’s continued provocations in the regions of Eastern Europe, and the United States wants The United States has taken all necessary steps to confirm that it stands with the Europeans within NATO to confront these Russian dangers.
This should not mean at all that the United States is leaving the Middle East, but rather that military sources that the United States clearly sees the dangers that Iran poses to partners and allies in the Middle East, and the United States deploys its forces in this region To counter the “Iranian threat”.
Complete published maps and statistics of US forces and US equipment in the region are not available, but Pentagon and Central Command sources indicate that the United States, after the departure of the aircraft carrier “Ronald Reagan” from the region and the withdrawal of the Naval Group “Minterry”, the United States still maintains a total of 60 to 70,000 American soldiers are in the Central Command’s work area, and the majority of these soldiers are deployed in the waters and lands facing Iranian territory.
Perhaps the number alone is not enough to emphasize the importance of the American military presence. In fact, the United States maintains in this region advanced systems of radar and anti-missile systems of the “THAAD” and “Patriot” type, and it has recently established a new working group in the Fifth Fleet dedicated to confronting the Iranian marches .
US aircraft carrier
These systems are mainly intended to confront the dangers of Iranian missiles and drones, and their mission is to help the Gulf Cooperation Council countries protect their vital territories and ports.
In addition, the American military forces maintain advanced defense systems to protect their soldiers deployed in the Persian Gulf, but also in Iraq, Syria, Jordan and Israel, where at least 3 to 4 thousand American soldiers are deployed, and they need protection systems to defend themselves, and to respond to any threats from Iran and from Its militias are deployed along the territory from Tehran to Beirut and also in Yemen.
There are many political and military considerations that control the “level of power” in this region. According to sources, the administration of current President Joe Biden and the US military are in two different positions regarding the US military presence in this region.
Disagreement with the political leadership
The Joe Biden administration asserts that it wants to make redoubled efforts to help regional partners protect themselves, and this was indicated by Assistant Secretary of Defense Mara Carlin in an interview with the Middle East Institute weeks ago, and other civilian officials in the Pentagon confirmed.
Politically, this means that the mentality that controls the administration of the Democratic president is based on the fact that the United States is in the Middle East for necessity, but it prefers to reduce the military presence in this region, and wants the countries of the region to be more dependent on their military capabilities with American assistance
As for the American military, they express a different position, and according to Al-Arabiya sources, the military leaders and officers in general tend to maintain the American military presence in the region, and this applies to the Arab Gulf region, Iraq and Syria, and they tend to maintain high air and sea capabilities because they They see the “high value” of this presence, firstly in terms of deterring and containing Iran, and secondly because the military have built close relations with the armies of the region, and consider that these relations are fruitful in the long run, while the vacuum is dangerous and it is easy for “hostile” powers such as Iran and Russia to fill this void and cause and additional challenges for Americans and regional partners